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James Monroe Leaves for France

Wednesday, March 16, 1803: Page 2, Column 3

 Mr. Monroe, it appears, has sailed from New York on his embassy to Europe. Setting aside the gross imputation, which this appointment throws on the memory of President Washington, who recalled Mr. Monroe from France for not doing his duty ; let us inquire what good can be expected from this minion, taken in all its circumstances, Mr. Jefferson in his message at the opening of session of Congress on the 15th of December last, informs them (what his partizans [sic] had heretofore seriously denied) that "the cession of the Spanish province of Louisiana to France took place in the course of the late war." In a letter to Governor Garrard of Kentucky, dated the very next day, he says "we think the evidence tolerably conclusive that the occupation of the Port of New Orleans was not the consequence of any order from Europe, but merely an irregularity Intendant. Measures were immediately put in motion for duly impressing him with the consequences of perseverance ; and the Spanish Minister here, expressed his eptue conviction that the prohibition was unauthorized, and undertook immediately to remonstrate to him against it, and also to dispatch a letter to the Governor General, who resides at Havana, to interpose efficaciously and without delay. We trust, therefore, that it will be as promptly remedied as the distance permits." If the proceeding of the Intendant turns out (and there is no reason to doubt it) to be in consequence of a plot laid in Europe, it is evident from the above, that Mr. Jefferson was the dupe of the plot. He was fully persuaded that all could be settled to the Intendant.

 In another letter to Gov. Garrard, of January 18, 1803, he thus expresses himself, -- "Further information, showing that this act of the Intendant's was unauthorized, has strengthened our expectations that it will be corrected." He however informs the Governor, not withstanding his belief is "strengthened," that the procedure will be corrected here, that he has made the extraordinary appointment of Mr. Monroe Minister to both France and Spain. We certainly to conclude, as he recommended no measure of offensive, defensive, or even precautionary for the adoption of Congress, that he had full confidence that this million would answer all purposes. But if proof was necessary, we have it from Mr. Breckenridge, who may be truly called the President's mouthpiece. In a letter published for the information of his constituents dated the 20th of Jan. he observes, "unfortunately, for the western people, should N. Orleans continue shut up against them, until the result of the mission is known, considerably injury will be sustained. But we must submit to it. It is the course. which the exciting state of things, has induced the President to take, and which seems to promise us ultimately, the greatest and most lasting good."

The President has since signed an act providing for the raising of 80,000 men, and appropriating 25,000 dollars for building arsenals on the western waters.

 Let it be recollected that this measure was not proposed by him, but introduced by Mr. Breckenridge to get rid of the efficient resolutions brought forward by Mr. Ross, which the majority dared not negative without a substitute.

Here we have the history of the business. we know it how strikes us ; and we can judge the impression that it will make on Bonaparte. It would not be surprising if he should command Mr. Monroe to remain in France, and in the meantime, send his adjutant GeneralRoss to this country (as he did to Switzerland) to order deputies from all the states to repair to Paris, invested with powers to adopt such regulations as he should direct for settling all differences with Spain, and for securing the independence of the United States.