About
   
   
   
     
Capital: Montgomery

State Nickname: Heart of Dixie

State Bird: Yellowhammer

State Flower: Camellia

Admitted to the Union: December 14, 1819

Governors

November 9, 1819 to July 15,1820:

William W. Bibb

July 15, 1820 to November 9, 1821:

Thomas Bibb

November 9, 1821 to November 25, 1825:

Israel Pickens

November 25, 1825 to November 25, 1829:

John Murphy

November 25, 1829 to March 3, 1831

Gabriel Moore

March 3, 1831 to November 26, 1831

Samuel B. Moore

November 26, 1831 to November 21, 1835

John Gayle

November 21, 1835 to July 17, 1837

Clement C. Clay

July 17, 1837 to November 21, 1837

Hugh McVay

November 21, 1837 to November 22, 1841

Arthur P. Bagby

November 22, 1841 to December 10, 1845

Benjamin Fitzpatrick

December 10, 1845 to December 16, 1847

Joshua L. Martin

December 16, 1847 to December 17, 1849:

Reuben Chapman

December 17, 1849 to December 20, 1853

Henry W. Collier

December 20, 1853 to December 1, 1857

John A. Winston

December 1, 1857 to December 2, 1861

Andrew B. Moore

December 1, 1861 to December 1, 1863:

John Gill Shorter

December 1, 1863 to May 1865

Thomas H. Watts

June 21, 1865 to December 20, 1865:

Lewis E. Parsons

December 20, 1865 to July 14, 1868

Robert M. Patton

July 14, 1868 to November 26, 1870:

William High Smith

November 26, 1870 to November 24, 1874

David P. Lewis

November 24, 1874 to November 28, 1878

George S. Houson

November 28, 1878 to December 1, 1882

Rufus W. Cobb

December 1, 1882 to December 1, 1886:

Edward A. O'Neil

December 1, 1886 to December 1, 1890:

Thomas Seay

December 1, 1890 to December 1, 1894:

Thomas G. Jones

December 1, 1894 to December 1, 1896:

William C. Oates

December 1, 1896 to December 1, 1900:

William F. Johnson

December 1, 1900 to December 26, 1900:

Joseph F. Johnson

December 26, 1900 to June 11, 1901

William J. Samford

June 11, 1901 to April 25, 1904:

William D. Jelks

January 14, 1907 to January 17, 1911:

Braxton B. Comer

January 17, 1911 to January 18, 1915:

Emmet O'Neil

January 18, 1915 to January 20, 1919:

Charles Henderson

January 20, 1919 to January 15, 1923:

Thomas E. Kilby

January 15, 1923 to January 17, 1927:

William W. Brandon

January 17, 1927 to January 19, 1931:

Bibb Graves

January 19, 1931 to January 14, 1935:

Benjamin M. Miller

January 14, 1935 to January 17, 1939:

Bibb Graves

January 17, 1939 to January 19, 1943:

Frank M. Dixon

January 19, 1943 to January 20, 1947:

Chauncey M. Sparks

January 20, 1947 to January 15, 1951:

James E. Folsom

January 15, 1951 to January 17, 1955:

Gordon Persons

January 17, 1955 to January 19, 1959:

James E. Folsom

January 19, 1959 to January 14, 1963:

John M. Patterson

January 14, 1963 to January 16, 1967:

George C. Wallace

January 16, 1967 to May 7, 1968:

Lurleen B. Wallace

May 7, 1968 to January 18, 1971:

Albert P. Brewer

January 18, 1971 to January 15, 1979:

George C. Wallace

January 15, 1979 to January 17, 1983:

Forrest "Fob" James, Jr.

January 17, 1983 to January 19, 1987:

George C. Wallace

January 19, 1987 to April 22, 1993:

Guy Hunt

April 22, 1993 to January 16, 1995:

James E. Folsom, Jr.

January 16, 1995 to January, 1999:

Forrest "Fob" James, Jr.

January, 1999 to January, 2003

Don Siegelman

January, 2003 --

Bob Riley

   
Senators Class II

December 14, 1819 April 15, 1844

William R. King

April 22, 1844 October 25, 1848

Dixon H. Lewis

November 30, 1849 March 3, 1853

Jeremiah Clemens

November 29, 1853 January 21, 1861

Clement C. Clay, Jr.

January 21, 1861 July 13, 1868

Vacant

July 13, 1868 March 3, 1870

Willard Warner

March 4, 1871 March 3, 1875

George Goldthwaite

March 4, 1877 June 1, 1907

John T. Morgan

June 18, 1907 March 1, 1920

John H. Bankhead

March 25, 1920 November 2, 1920

Braxton B. Comer

November 3, 1920 March 3, 1931

J. Thomas Heflin

March 4, 1931 June 12, 1946

John H. Bankhead II

June 15, 1946 November 5, 1946

George R. Swift

November 6, 1946 January 3, 1979

John J. Sparkman

January 3, 1979 January 3, 1997

Howell T. Heflin

January 3, 1997 -

Jefferson B. Sessions III

 
Senators Class III

December 14, 1819 December 12, 1822

John W. Walker

December 12, 1822 March 3, 1825

William Kelly

March 4, 1825 January 24, 1826

Henry H. Chambers

February 17, 1826 November 27, 1826

Israel Pickens

November 27, 1826 March 3, 1831

John McKinley

March 4, 1831 March 3, 1837

Gabriel Moore

March 4, 1837 April 22, 1837

John McKinley

June 19, 1837 November 15, 1841

Clement C. Clay

November 24, 1841 June 16, 1848

Arthur P. Bagby

July 1, 1848 December 20, 1852

William R. King

January 14, 1853 January 21, 1861

Benjamin Fitzpatrick

January 21, 1861 July 13, 1868

Vacant

July 13, 1868 March 3, 1879

George E. Spencer

March 4, 1879 December 31, 1879

George S. Houston

January 7, 1880 November 23, 1880

Luke Pryor

November 24, 1880 March 3, 1897

James L. Pugh

March 4, 1897 July 27, 1907

Edmund W. Pettus

August 6, 1907 August 8, 1913

Joseph F. Johnston

May 1, 1914 March 3, 1915

Franics S. White

March 4, 1915 March 3, 1927

Oscar W. Underwood

March 4, 1927 August 19, 1937

Hugo L. Black

August 20, 1937 January 10, 1938

Dixie B. Graves

January 1, 1938 January 2, 1969

J. Lister Hill

January 3, 1969 June 1, 1978

James B. Allen

June 8, 1978 November 7, 1978

Maryon P. Allen

November 8, 1978 January 2, 1981

Donald W. Stewart

January 2, 1981 January 3, 1987

Jeremiah A. Denton Jr.

January 3, 1987 -

Richard C. Shelby

 
State Song

Alabama

Written by Julia S. Tutwiler
Composed by Edna Gockel Gussen

Alabama, Alabama, We will aye be true to thee,
From thy Southern shores where groweth,
By the sea thy orange tree.
To thy Northern vale where floweth,
Deep blue the Tennessee,
Alabama, Alabama, we will aye be true to thee!

Broad thy stream whose name thou bearest;
Grand thy Bigbee rolls along;
Fair thy Coosa-Tallapoosa
Bold thy Warrior, dark and strong,
Goodlier than the land that Moses
Climbed lone Nebo's Mount to see,
Alabama, Alabama, we will aye be true to thee!

From thy prairies broad and fertile,
Where thy snow-white cotton shines,
To the hills where coal and iron
Hide in thy exausted mines,
Strong -armed miners -sturdy farmers;
Loyal hearts what'er we be,
Alabama, Alabama, we will aye be true to thee!

From thy quarries where the marble
White as that of Paros gleams
Waiting till thy sculptor's chisel,
Wake to life thy poet's dreams;
Fear not only wealth of nature,
Wealth of mind has no fee,
Alabama, Alabama, we will aye be true to thee!

Where the perfumed south-wind whispers,
Thy magnolia groves among,
Softer than a mother's kisses,
Sweeter than a mother's song,
Where the golden jasmine trailing,
Woos the treasure-laden bee,
Alabama, Alabama, we will aye be true to thee!

Brave and pure thy men and women,
Better this than corn and wine
Make us worthy, God in Heaven
Of this goodly land of Thine.
Hearts as open as thy doorways.
Liberal hands and spirits free.
Alabama, Alabama, we will aye be true to thee!

Little, little can I give thee,
Alabama, mother mine.
But that little - hand, brain, spirit.
All I have and am are thine.
Take, O take, the gift and giver.
Take and serve thyself with me.
Alabama, Alabama, we will aye be true to thee!

On March 3, 1931 the music by Mrs. Edna Gockel Gussen, Birmingham, was adopted by the State Federation of Music Clubs and through their efforts, Alabama House Joint Resolution 74 , Act no. 128, adopted the music and words as the state song of Alabama.

Source: Acts of Alabama, March 9, 1931 Alabama State Emblems, Alabama Department of Archives and History


Click Left Triangle to Play Melody
State Population

1820: 144,317

1830: 309,527

1840: 590,756

1850: 771,623

1860: 964,201

1870: 996,992

1880: 1,262,505

1890: 1,513,017

1900: 1,828,697

1910: 2,138,093

1920: 2,348,174

1930: 2,646,248

1940: 2,832,961

1950: 3,061,743

1960: 3,266,740

1970: 3,444,354

1980: 3,893,888

1990: 4,040,587

2000: 4,500,752

 


State Capitol Building 1907
 

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