California





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Capital: Sacramento

State Nickname: Golden State

State Bird: Valley Quail

State Flower: Golden Poppy

Admitted to the Union: September 9, 1850

Governors

December 20, 1849 to January 9, 1851:

Peter H. Burnett

January 9, 1851 to January 8, 1852:

John McDougal

January 8, 1852 to January 9, 1856:

John Bigler

January 9, 1856 to January 8, 1858:

J. Neely Johnson

January 8, 1858 to January 9, 1860:

John B. Weller

January 9, 1860 to January 14, 1860:

Milton S. Latham

January 14, 1860 to January 10, 1862:

John G. Downey

January 10, 1862 to December 10, 1863:

Leland Stanford

December 10, 1863 to December 5, 1867:

Frederick F. Low

December 5, 1867 to December 8, 1871:

Henry H. Haight

December 8, 1871 to Gebruary 27, 1875:

Newton Booth

February 27, 1875 to December 9, 1875:

Romualdo Pacheco

Decembver 9, 1875 to January 8, 1880:

William Irwin

January 8, 1880 to January 10, 1883:

George C. Perkins

January 10, 1883 to January 8, 1887:

George Stoneman

January 8, 1887 to September 13, 1887:

Washington Bartlett

September 13, 1887 to January 8, 1891:

Robert W. Waterman

January 8, 1891 to January 11, 1895:

Henry H. Markham

January 11m 1895 to January 3, 1899:

James H. Budd

January 3, 1899 to January 6, 1903:

Henry T. Gage

January 3, 1903 to January 8, 1907:

George C. Pardee

January 8, 1907 to January 3, 1911:

James N. Gillett

January 3, 1911 to March 15, 1917:

Hiram W. Johnson

March 15, 1917 to January 9, 1923:

William D. Stephens

January 9, 1923 to January 4, 1927:

Friend William Richardson

January 4, 1927 to January 6, 1931:

Clement C. Young

January 6, 1931 to June 2, 1934:

James Rolph, Jr.

June 2, 1934 to January 2, 1939:

Frank F. Merriam

January 2, 1939 to January 4, 1943:

Culbert L. Olson

January 4, 1943 to October 5, 1953:

Earl Warren

October 5, 1953 to January 5, 1959:

Goodwin J. Knight

January 5, 1959 to January 1, 1967:

Edmund G. Brown

January 1, 1967 to January 6, 1975:

Ronald Reagan

January 6, 1975 to January 3, 1983:

Edmund G. Brown

January 3, 1983 to January 7, 1991:

George Deukmejian

January 7, 1991 to 1999:

Pete Wilson

1999 to 2003:

Gray Davis

2003 --

Arnold Schwarzenegger

 
Senators - Class I

September 9, 1850 – March 3, 1851

John Charles Frιmont

January 8, 1858 – January 9, 1860

John B. Weller

March 4, 1857 – September 16, 1859

David Colbreth Broderick

September 15, 1859 –March 2, 1860

Henry P. Haun

March 5, 1860–March 3, 1863

Milton Slocum Latham

March 4, 1863 – March 4, 1869

John Conness

March 3, 1869 – March 4, 1873

Eugene Casserly

March 5, 1873 – March 3, 1875

John Sharpenstein Hager

March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881

Newton Booth

March 4, 1881– March 8, 1886

John Franklin Miller

March 23, 1886 to August 3, 1886

George Hearst

August 4, 1886 – March 3, 1887

Abram Pease Williams

March 4, 1887 – February 28, 1891

George Hearst

March 4, 1893 – February 6, 1899

Stephen Mallory White

February 7, 1900-March 3, 1905

Thomas Robert Bard

March 2, 1905 – March 15, 1911

Frank Putnam Flint

March 16, 1911 – March 15, 1917

John Downey Works

March 16, 1917 – August 6, 1945

Hiram Warren Johnson

September 6, 1944 – January 3, 1959

William Fife Knowland

January 3, 1959 – July 30, 1964

Clair Engle

August 4, 1964 – December 31, 1964

Pierre Emil George Salinger

January 1, 1965 – January 3, 1971

George Lloyd Murphy

January 2, 1971 – January 1, 1977

John Varick Tunney

January 2, 1977 – January 3, 1983

Samuel Ichiye Hayakawa

January 3, 1983 – January 7, 1991

Peter Barton Wilson

January 10, 1991 – November 10, 1992

John F. Seymour

November 10, 1992 –

Dianne Berman Feinstein

 
Senators - Class III

September 9, 1850 – March 3, 1855

William McKendree Gwin

1855–1857

Vacant

January 13, 1857 – March 3, 1861

William McKendree Gwin

1861–1867

James Alexander McDougall

1867 – 1873

Cornelius Cole

March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1879

Aaron Augustus Sargent

1879 – 1885

James Thompson Farley

1885 – 1893

Amasa Leland Stanford

1893–1915

George Clement Perkins

March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1921

James Duval Phelan

1921 – 1933

Samuel Morgan Shortridge

1933 – 1938

William Gibbs McAdoo

November 9, 1938 – January 3, 1939

Thomas More Storke

1939 – 1950

Sheridan Downey

December 1, 1950 – January 1, 1953

Richard Milhous Nixon

January 2, 1953 – January 3, 1969

Thomas Kuchel

January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1993

Alan MacGregor Cranston

January 5. 1993 –

Barbara Levy Boxer

 
State Song

I Love You California

Written by F. B. Silverwood
Composed by A. F. Frankenstein

I love you, California, you're the greatest state of all
I love you in the winter, summer, spring, and in the fall.
I love your fertile valleys; your dear mountains I adore,
I love your grand old ocean and I love her rugged shore.

Chorus

I love your redwood forests - love your fields of yellow grain,
I love your summer breezes, and I love your winter rain,
I love you, land of flowers; land of honey, fruit and wine,
I love you, California; you have won this heart of mine.

Chorus

I love your old gray Missions
I love your vineyards streteching far,
I love you, California, with your Golden Gate ajar,
I love your purple sunsets, love your skies of azure blue,
I love you, California; I just can't help loving you.

Chorus

I love you, Catalina - you are very dear to me,
I love you, Tamalpais, and I love Yosemite,
I love you, Land of Sunshine, half your beauties are untold,
I loved you in my childhood, and I'll love you when I'm old.

Chorus

When the snow crowned Golden Sierras
Keep their watch o'er the valleys bloom.
It is there I would be in our land by the sea,
Ev'ry breeze bearing rich perfume,
It is here nature gives of her rarest,
It is Home Sweet Home to me.
And I know when I die I shall breathe my last sigh
For my sunny California.


Click Left Triangle to Play Melody
State Population

1850: 92,597

1860: 379,985

1870: 560,247

1880: 864,694

1890: 1,208,130

1900: 1,485,053

1910: 2,377,549

1920: 3,426,861

1930: 5,677,251

1940: 6,907,387

1950: 10,586,223

1960: 15,717,204

1970: 19,971,069

1980: 23,667,902

1990: 29,760,021

2000: 33,871,653


State Capitol Building 1907