93

   
   
   
   
   

Capital: Annapolis

State Nickname: Old Line State

State Bird: Baltimore Oriole

State Flower: Black-Eyed Susan

Admitted to the Union: April 18, 1788

Governors

November 24, 1788 to November 14, 1791:

John Edgar Howard

November 14, 1791 to February 10, 1792:

George Piater

February 13, 1792 to April 5, 1792:

James Brice*

*Acting governor

April 4, 1792 to November 14, 1794:

Thomas Sim Lee

November 4, 1794 to November 17, 1797:

John H. Stone

November 17, 1797 to November 14, 1798:

John Henry

November 14, 1798 to November 10, 1801:

Benjamin Ogle

November 10, 1801 to November 13, 1803:

John Francis Mercer

November 15, 1803 to November 10, 1806:

Robert Bowie

November 12, 1806 to May 6, 1809:

Robert Wright

May 6, 1809 to June 9, 1809:

James Butcher*

*Acting governor

June 9, 1809 to November 16, 1811:

Edward Lloyd

November 16, 1811 to November 25, 1812:

Robert Bowie

November 25, 1812 to January 2, 1818:

Levin Winder

January 2, 1816 to January 8, 1819:

Charles Ridgely

January 8, 1819 to December 20, 1819:

Charles Goldsborough

December 20, 1819 to December 16, 1822:

Samuel Sprigg

December 16, 1822 to January 9, 1826:

Samuel Stevens, Jr.

January 9, 1826 to January 15, 1829:

Joseph Kent

January 15, 1829 to January 15, 1830:

Daniel Martin

January 15, 1830 to January 13, 1831:

Thomas King Carroll

January 13, 1831 to July 11, 1831:

Daniel Martin*

*Died in office

July 11, 1831 to January 17, 1833:

George Howard

January 17, 1833 to January 14, 1836:

James Thomas

January 14, 1836 to January 7, 1839:

Thomas W. Veazey

January 7, 1839 to January 3, 1842:

William Grason

January 3, 1842 to January 6, 1845:

Francis Thomas

January 6, 1845 to January 3, 1848:

Thomas G. Pratt

January 3, 1848 to January 6, 1851:

Philip Francis Thomas

January 6, 1851 to January 11, 1854:

Enoch L. Lowe

January 11, 1854 to January 13, 1858:

Thomas W. Ligon

January 13, 1858 to January 8, 1862:

Thomas H. Hicks

January 8, 1862 to January 10, 1866:

Agustus W. Bradford

January 10, 1866 to January 13, 1869:

Thomas Swann

January 13, 1869 to January 10, 1872:

Oden Bowie

January 10, 1872 to March 4, 1874:

William P. Whyte

March 4, 1874 to January 12, 1876:

James B. Groome

January 12, 1876 to January 14, 1880:

John Lee Carroll

January 14, 1880 to January 9, 1884:

William T. Hamilton

January 9, 1884 to March 27, 1885:

Robert M. McLane

March 27, 1885 to January 11, 1888:

Henry Lloyd

January 11, 188 to January 13, 1892:

Elihu E. Jackson

January 13, 1892 to January 8, 1896:

Frank Brown

January 8, 1896 to January 10, 1900:

Lloyd Lowndes

January 10, 1900 to January 13, 1904:

John W. Smith

Janaury 13, 1904 to January8, 1908:

Edwin Warfield

January 8, 1908 to January 10, 1912:

Austin L Crothers

January 10, 1912 to January 12, 1916:

Phillips L. Goldsborough

January 12, 1916 to January 14, 1920:

Emerson C. Harrington

January 14, 1920 to January 9, 1935:

Albert C. Ritchie

January 9, 1935 to January 11, 1939:

Harry W. Nice

Janaury 11, 1939 to January 3, 1947:

Herbert R. O'Connor

January 3, 1947 to January 10, 1951:

William P. Lane, Jr.

January 10, 1951 to January 14, 1959:

Thoedore R. McKeldin

January 14, 1959 to January 25, 1967:

J. Millard Tawes

January 25, 1967 to January 7, 1969:

Spiro T. Agnew

January 7, 1969 October 7, 1979:

Marvin Mandel

October 7, 1979 to January 20, 1987:

Harry Hughes

January 21, 1987 to January 18, 1995:

William D. Schaefer

January 18, 1995 to January 15, 2003:

Parris Nelson Glendening

January 15, 2003 to January 17, 2007

Robert Leroy Ehrlich, Jr.

January 17, 2007

Martin O'Malley

 
Senators - Class I

March 4, 1789 – November 30, 1792

Charles Carroll

January 10, 1793 – October 24, 1796

Richard Potts

November 30, 1796 – March 3, 1803

.John Eager Howard

March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1815

Samuel Smith

March 4 1815 – February 4, 1816

Vacant

February 5, 1816 – December 6, 1816

Robert Goodloe Harper * Resigned office

December 20, 1816 – April 23, 1819

Alexander Contee Hanson * Died in office

December 21 1819 – February 25 1822

William Pinkney * Died in office

December 17, 1822 – March 3, 1833

Samuel Smith

March 4, 1833 – November 24, 1837

Joseph Kent

January 4, 1838 – March 3, 1845

William Duhurst Merrick

March 4 1845 – March 7 1849

Reverdy Johnson * Died in office

December 6 1849 – January 12 1850

David Stewart

January 12 1850 – March 3 1857

Thomas Pratt

March 4 1857 – March 3 1863

Anthony Kennedy

March 4 1863 – July 10 1868

Reverdy Johnson * Resigned office

July 13 1868 – March 3 1869

William Pinkney Whyte

March 4 1869 – March 3 1875

William Thomas Hamilton

March 4 1875 – March 3 1881

William Pinkney Whyte

March 4 1881 – March 3 1899

Arthur Pue Gorman

March 4 1899 – March 3 1905

Louis Emory McComas

March 4 1905 – November 25 1912

Isidor Rayner

November 29 1912 – January 28 1914

William Purnell Jackson

January 28 1914 – March 3 1917

Blair Lee

March 4 1917 – March 3 1923

Joseph Irwin France

March 4 1923 – March 3 1929

William Cabell Bruce

March 4 1929 – January 3 1935

Phillips Lee Goldsborough

January 3 1935 – January 3 1947

George Lovic Pierce Radcliffe

January 3 1947 – January 3 1953

Herbert O'Conor

January 3 1953 – January 3 1965

James Glenn Beall

January 3 1965 – January 3 1971

Joseph Tydings

January 3 1971 – January 3 1977

John Glenn Beall

January 3 1977 – January 3 2007

Paul Sarbanes

January 3 2007 –

Benjamin Louis Cardin

 
Senators - Class III

March 4 1789 – December 10 1797

John Henry

December 11 1797 – December 1 1800

James Lloyd * Resigned office

December 12 1800 – November 13 1801

William Hindman

November 19 1801 – November 12 1806

Robert Wright

November 25 1806 – March 3 1813

Philip Reed

May 21 1813 – March 3 1819

Robert Henry Goldsborough

March 4 1819 – January 14 1826

Edward Lloyd

January 24 1826 – December 20 1834

Ezekiel Forman Chambers * Resigned office

January 13 1835 – October 5 1836

Robert Henry Goldsborough

December 31 1836 – October 24 1840

John Selby Spence

January 5 1841 – March 3 1843

John Leeds Kerr

March 4 1843 – December 20 1862

James Alfred Pearce

December 29 1862 – February 14 1865

Thomas Holliday Hicks * Died in office

March 9 1865 – March 3 1867

John Angel James Creswell

March 7 1868 – March 3 1873

George Vickers

March 4, 1867 – March 7, 1868

Vacant

March 7 1868 – March 3 1873

George Vickers

March 4 1873 – March 3 1879

George Robertson Dennis

March 4 1879 – March 3 1885

James Black Groome

March 4 1885 – February 24 1891

Ephraim King Wilson II * Died in office

February 24 1891 – November 19 1891

Vacant

November 19 1891 – March 3 1897

Charles Hopper Gibson

March 4 1897 – March 3 1903

George Louis Wellington

March 4 1903 – June 4 1906

Arthur Pue Gorman

June 8 1906 – March 17 1908

William Pinkney Whyte

March 25 1908 – March 3 1921

March 4 1921 – March 3 1927

Ovington Weller

March 4 1927 – January 3 1951

Millard Evelyn Tydings

January 3 1951 – January 2 1963

John Marshall Butler

January 3 1963 – January 3 1969

Daniel Baugh Brewster

January 3 1969 – January 3 1987

Charles Mathias, Jr.

January 3 1987 –

Barbara Mikulski

 
State Song
Maryland My Maryland

Written by James Ryder Randall
To the tune of Oh Christmas Tree

The despot's heel is on thy shore,
Maryland, My Maryland!
His torch is at thy temple door,
Maryland, My Maryland!
Avenge the patriotic gore
That flecked the streets of Baltimore,
And be the battle queen of yore,
Maryland! My Maryland!

Hark to an exiled son's appeal,
Maryland, My Maryland!
My Mother State! to thee I kneel,
Maryland, My Maryland!
For life and death, for woe and weal,
Thy peerless chivalry reveal,
And gird they beauteous limbs with steel,
Maryland! My Maryland!

Thou wilt not cower in the dust,
Maryland, My Maryland!
Thy beaming sword shall never rust,
Maryland, My Maryland!
Remember Carroll's sacred trust,
Remember Howard's warlike thrust,-
And all they slumberers with the just,
Maryland! My Maryland!

Come! 'tis the red dawn of the day,
Maryland, My Maryland!
Come with thy panoplied array,
Maryland, My Maryland!
With Ringgold's spirit for the fray,
With Watson's blood at Monterey,
With fearless Lowe and dashing May,
Maryland! My Maryland!

Come! for thy shield is bright and strong,
Maryland, My Maryland!
Come! for thy dalliance does thee wrong,
Maryland, My Maryland!
Come! to thine own heroic throng,
Stalking with Liberty along,
And cgive a new Key to thy song,
Maryland! My Maryland!

Dear Mother! burst the tyrant's chain,
Maryland, My Maryland!
Virginia should not call in vain!
Maryland, My Maryland!
She meets her sisters on the plain-
"Sic semper!" 'tis the proud refrain
That baffles minions back amain,
Maryland! My Maryland!

I see the blush upon thy cheek,
Maryland, My Maryland!
For thou wast ever bravely meek,
Maryland, My Maryland!
But lo! There surges forth a shriek
From hill to hill, from creek to creek-
Potomac calls to Chesapeake,
Maryland! My Maryland!

Thou wilt not yield the vandal toll,
Maryland, My Maryland!
Thou wilt not crook to his control,
Maryland, My Maryland!
Better the fire upon thee roll,
Better the blade, the shot, the bowl,
Than crucifixion of the soul,
Maryland! My Maryland!

I hear the distant thunder-hum,
Maryland, My Maryland!
The Old Line's bugle, fife, and drum,
Maryland, My Maryland!
She is not dead, nor deaf, nor dumb-
Huzza! she spurns the Northern scum!
She breathes! she burns! she'll come! she'll come!
Maryland! My Maryland!

The song was adopted during the 1986 Regular Session of the General Assembly.


Click Left Triangle to Play Melody

State Population

1790: 319,728

1800: 341,543

1810: 380,546

1820: 407,350

1830: 447,040

1840: 469,232

1850: 583,034

1860: 687,049

1870: 780,894

1880: 934,943

1890: 1,042,390

1900: 1,118,044

1910: 1,295,346

1920: 1,449,661

1930: 1,631,526

1940: 1,821,244

1950: 2,343,001

1960: 3,100,689

1970: 3,923,897

1980: 4,216,975

1990: 4,781,468

2000: 5,296,485


State Capitol Building 1913
 








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