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Capital: Salem

State Nickname: Beaver State

State Bird: Meadowlark

State Flower: Oregon Grape

Admitted to the Union: February 14, 1859

Governors

March 3, 1859 to September 10, 1862:

John Whiteaker

September 10, 1862 to September 12, 1866:

Addison C. Gibbs

September 12, 1866 to September 14, 1870:

George L. Woods

September 14, 1870 to February 1, 1877:

La Fayette Grover*

* Resigned from office

February 1, 1877 to September 11, 1878:

Stephen F. Chadwick

September 11, 1878 to September 13, 1882:

William Wallace Thayer

September 13, 1882 to January 12, 1887:

Zenas F. Moody

January 12, 1887 to January 14, 1895:

Sylvester Pennoyer

January 14, 1895 to January 9, 1899:

William P. Lord

January 9, 1899 to January 14, 1903:

Theodore T. Geer

January 15, 1903 to March 1, 1909:

George E. Chamberlain*

* Resigned from office

March 1, 1909 to June 16, 1910:

Frank W. Benson

June 16, 1910 to January 12, 1915:

Oswald West

January 12, 1915 to March 3, 1919:

James Withycombe

March 3, 1919 to January 8, 1923:

Ben W. Olcott

January 8, 1923 to January 10, 1927:

Walter M. Pierce

January 10, 1927 to December 21, 1929:

Isaac L. Patterson

* Died in office

December 22, 1929 to January 12, 1931:

A. W. Norbald

January 12, 1931 to January 14, 1935:

Julius L. Meier

January 14, 1935 to January 9, 1939:

Charles H. Martin

January 9, 1939 to January 11, 1943:

Charles A. Sprague

January 11, 1943 to October 28, 1947:

Earl Snell*

* Died in office

October 30, 1947 to January 10, 1949:

John H. Hall

January 10, 1949 to December 27, 1952:

Douglas McKay*

* Resigned from office

December 27, 1952 to January 31, 1956:

Paul L. Patterson

February 1, 1956 to January 14, 1957:

Elmo Smith

January 14, 1957 to January 12, 1959:

Robert D. Holmes

January 12, 1959 to January 19, 1967:

Mark O. Hatfield

January 9, 1967 to January 13, 1975:

Tom McCall

January 13, 1975 to January 8, 1979:

Robert W. Straub

January 8, 1979 to January 12, 1987:

Victor Atiyeh

January 12, 1987 to January 14, 1991:

Neil Goldschmidt

January 14, 1991 to January 9, 1995:

Barbara Roberts

January 9, 1995 to 2003:

John Kitzhaber

January 13, 2003

John Kitzhaber

 
Senators - Class II

February 14, 1859 March 3, 1859

Delazon Smith

October 1, 1860 October 21, 1861

Edward Dickinson Baker * Died in office

February 27, 1862 December 1, 1862

Benjamin Stark

December 1, 1862 March 3, 1865

Benjamin Franklin Harding

March 4, 1865 March 3, 1871

George Henry Williams

March 4, 1871 March 3, 1877

James Kerr Kelly

March 4, 1877 March 3, 1883

La Fayette Grover

March 4, 1883 March 3, 1895

Joseph Norton Dolph

March 4, 1895 March 3, 1901

George Wycliffe McBride

March 4, 1901 December 8, 1905

John Hipple Mitchell * Died in office

December 21, 1905 January 23, 1907

John McDermeid Gearin

January 30, 1907 March 3, 1907

Frederick William Mulkey

March 4, 1907 March 3, 1913

Jonathan Bourne Jr.

March 4, 1913 May 23, 1917

Harry Lane

December 17, 1918 February 25, 1944

Charles Linza McNary * Died in office

March 4, 1944 January 3, 1955

Guy F. Cordon

January 3, 1955 March 9, 1960

Richard Lewis Neuberger * Died in office

March 23, 1960 November 9, 1960

Hall Stoner Lusk

November 9, 1960 January 3, 1967

Maurine Brown Neuberger

January 3, 1967 January 3, 1997

Mark Hatfield

January 3, 1997 January 3, 2009

Gordon Smith

January 3, 2009

Jeff Merkley

 
Senators - Class III

February 14, 1859 March 3, 1861

Joseph Lane

March 4, 1901 March 3, 1867

James Willis Nesmith

March 4, 1867 March 3, 1873

Henry Winslow Corbett

December 17, 1885 March 3, 1897

John Hipple Mitchell

October 7, 1898 March 3, 1903

Joseph Simon

March 4, 1903 March 3, 1909

Charles William Fulton

March 4, 1909 March 3, 1921

George Earle Chamberlain

March 4, 1921 March 3, 1927

Robert Nelson Stanfield

March 4, 1927 January 31, 1938

Frederick Steiwer * Resigned office

February 11, 1938 November 9, 1938

Alfred Evan Reames

November 9, 1938 January 3, 1939

Alexander Grant Barry

January 3, 1939 January 3, 1945

Rufus Cecil Holman

January 3, 1945 January 3, 1969

Wayne Morse

January 3, 1969 October 1, 1995

Robert William Packwood * Resigned office

February 6, 1996

Ron Wyden

 
State Song
Oregon, My Oregon

Lyrics by J.A. Buchanan
Music by Henry B. Murtagh

Land of the Empire Builders, Land of the Golden West;
Conquered and held by free men, Fairest and the best.
On-ward and upward ever, Forward and on, and on;
Hail to thee, Land of the Heroes, My Oregon.

Land of the rose and sunshine, Land of the summer's breeze;
Laden with health and vigor, Fresh from the western seas.
Blest by the blood of martyrs, Land of the setting sun;
Hail to thee, Land of Promise, My Oregon.


Click Left Triangle to Play Melody
State Population

1860: 52,456

1870: 90,923

1880: 174,768

1890: 313,767

1900: 413,536

1910: 672,765

1920: 783,389

1930: 953,786

1940: 1,089,684

1950: 1,521,341

1960: 1,768,687

1970: 2,091,533

1980: 2,633,105

1990: 2,842,321

2000: 3,421,432

 


State Capitol Building 1907