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Capital: Austin

State Nickname: Lone Star State

State Bird: Mockingbird

State Flower: Bluebonnet

Admitted to the Union: December 29, 1845

 
Governors

February 19, 1846 to December 21, 1847:

James Pinckney Henderson

December 21, 1847 to December 21, 1849:

George T. Wood

December 21, 1849 to November 23, 1853:

Peter Hansbrough Bell*

* Resigned from office

November 23, 1853 to December 21, 1853:

James Wilson Henderson

December 21, 1853 to December 21, 1857:

Elisha M. Pease

December 21, 1857 to December 21, 1859:

Hardin Richard Runnels

December 21, 1959 to March 16, 1861:

Sam Houston*

* Resigned from office

March 16, 1861 to November 7, 1861:

Edward Clark

November 7, 1861 to November 5, 1863:

Francis Richard Lobbock*

November 5, 1863 to June 17, 1865:

Pendelton Murrah*

* Administration terminated due to fall of Confederacy

June 17, 1865 to August 9, 1866:

Andrew Jackson Hamilton*

* Provisional governor appointed by President Johnson

August 9, 1866 to August 8, 1867:

James Webb Throckmorton

August 8, 1867 to September 30, 1869:

Elisha Marshall Pease*

* Appointed under Marshall Law and vacated September 30, 1869. No governor until January 8, 1870

January 8, 1870 to January 15, 1874:

Edmund Jackson Davis

January 15, 1874 to December 1, 1876:

Richard Coke*

* Resigned from office

December 1, 1876 to January 21, 1879:

Richard Bennett Hubbard

January 21, 1879 to January 16, 1883:

Oran Milo Roberts

January 16, 1883 to January 18, 1887:

John Ireland

January 18, 1887 to January 20, 1891:

Lawrence Sullivan Ross

January 20, 1891 to January 15, 1895:

James Stephen Hogg

January 15, 1895 to January 17, 1899:

Charles A. Culberson

January 17, 1899 to January 20, 1903:

Joseph Draper Sayers

January 20, 1903 to January 15, 1907;

Samuel Willis Tucker Lanham

January 15, 1907 to January 17, 1911:

Thomas Mitchell Campbell

January 17, 1911 to January 19, 1915:

Oscar Branch Colquitt

January 19, 1915 to August 25, 1917:

James E. Ferguson*

* Resigned from office

August 25, 1917 to January 18, 1921:

William Pettus Hobby

Janiary 18, 1921 to January 20, 1925:

Pat Morris Neff

January 20, 1925 to January 18, 1927:

Miriam Amanda Ferguson

January 18, 1927 to January 20, 1931:

Dan James Moody

January 20, 1931 to January 17, 1933:

Ross Shaw Sterling

January 17, 1933 to January 15, 1935:

Miriam Amanda Ferguson

January 15, 1935 to January 17, 1939:

James V. Allred

January 17, 1939 to August 4, 1941:

Wilbert Lee O'Daniel*

* Resigned from office

August 4, 1941 to January 21, 1947:

Coke Robert Stevenson

January 21, 1947 to July 9, 1949:

Beauford Halbert Jester*

* Died in office

July 11, 1949 to January 15, 1957:

Alan Shivers

January 15, 1957 to January 15, 1963:

Price Daniel

January 15, 1963 to January 21, 1969:

John Bowden Connally, Jr.

January 21, 1969 to January 16, 1973:

Preston Earnest Smith

January 16, 1973 to January 16, 1979:

Dolph Briscoe, Jr.

January 16, 1979 to January 18, 1983:

William Perry Clements Jr.

January 18, 1983 to January 20, 1987:

Mark Wells White, Jr.

January 20, 1987 to January 15, 1991:

William Perry Clements Jr.

January 20, 1991 to January 15, 1995:

Dorothy Ann Willis Richards

January 17, 1995 to December 21, 2000:

George Walker Bush

December 21, 2000

James Richard Perry

 
Senators - Class I

February 21, 1846 July 29, 1857

Thomas Jefferson Rusk

November 9, 1857 June 4, 1858

James Henderson * Died in office

September 27, 1858 December 5, 1859

Matthias Ward

December 5, 1859 March 23, 1861

Louis Trezevant Wigfall

March 24, 1861

Vacant (Civil War)

March 30, 1870 March 3, 1875

James Winright Flanagan

March 4, 1875 March 3, 1887

Samuel Bell Maxey

March 4, 1887 June 10, 1891

John Henninger Reagan * Resigned office

June 10, 1891 March 22, 1892

Horace Chilton

March 23, 1892 March 3, 1899

Roger Quarles Mills

March 4, 1899 March 3, 1923

Charles Allen Culberson

March 4, 1923 March 3, 1929

Earle Bradford Mayfield

March 4, 1929 January 3, 1953

Thomas Terry Connally

January 3, 1953 January 14, 1957

Marion Price Daniel Sr. * Resigned office

January 15, 1957 April 28, 1957

William Arvis Blakley

April 29, 1957 January 3, 1971

Ralph Webster Yarborough

January 3, 1971 January 20, 1993

Lloyd Millard Bentsen, Jr.

January 3, 1975 January 3, 1979

Robert Charles Krueger

June 14, 1993

Kathryn Ann Bailey Hutchison

 
Senators - Class II

February 21, 1846 March 4, 1859

Sam Houston

March 4, 1859 July 1861

John Hemphill

July 1861 March 30, 1870

Vacant (Civil War)

March 31, 1870 March 3, 1877

Morgan Calvin Hamilton

March 4, 1877 March 3, 1895

Richard Coke

March 4, 1895 March 3, 1901

Horace Chilton

March 4, 1901 January 3, 1913

Joseph Weldon Bailey * Resigned office

January 4, 1913 January 29, 1913

Rienzi Melville Johnston

February 3, 1913 April 9, 1941

John Morris Sheppard * Died in office

April 21, 1941 June 26, 1941

Andrew Jackson Houston

August 4, 1941 January 3, 1949

Wilbert Lee O'Daniel

January 3, 1949 January 3, 1961

Lyndon Baines Johnson

June 15, 1961 January 3, 1985

John Goodwin Tower

January 3, 1985 November 30, 2002

William Philip Gramm

December 2, 2002

John Cornyn III

 
State Song
Texas, Our Texas
Written by William J. Marsh and Gladys Yoakum Wright
Composed by William J. Marsh

Texas, Our Texas! all hail the mighty State!
Texas, Our Texas! so wonderful so great!
Boldest and grandest, withstanding ev'ry test
O Empire wide and glorious, you stand supremely blest.

Texas, O Texas! your freeborn single star,
Sends out its radiance to nations near and far,
Emblem of Freedom! it set our hearts aglow,
With thoughts of San Jacinto and glorious Alamo.

Texas, dear Texas! from tyrant grip now free,
Shines forth in splendor, your star of destiny!
Mother of heroes, we come your children true,
Proclaiming our allegiance, our faith, our love for you.

God bless you Texas! And keep you brave and strong,
That you may grow in power and worth, throughout the ages long.
God bless you Texas! And keep you brave and strong,
That you may grow in power and worth, throughout the ages long.


The song was officially adopted in 1929


Click Left Triangle to Play Melody
State Population

1850: 212,592

1860: 604,215

1870: 818,579

1880: 1,542,359

1890: 2,235,523

1900: 3,048,710

1910: 3,896,542

1920: 4,663,228

1930: 5,824,715

1940: 6,414,824

1950: 7,711,194

1960: 9,579,677

1970: 11,198,655

1980: 14,229,191

1990: 16,986,510

2000: 20,851,790


State Capitol Building 1907